Fully Funding the Evidence-Based Formula: FY 2024 Proposed General Fund Budget
Release: May 3, 2023
Volume VII of the Fully Funding the EBF series continues CTBA’s modeling of fully funding the EBF to 90% of Adequacy, which aligns more closely with the Illinois State Board of Education’s methodology. Volume VII uses the propsed Fiscal Year 2024 General Fund Budget appropriations for the Evidence-Based Funding formula, but uses a projected shortfall (similar to that of Volume V), based on the ISBE EBF calculated shortfall for FY 2023 (released in August 2022).
Issue Brief: CPPRT and K-12 Education Funding in Illinois
Release: April 19, 2023
Between FY 2022 and FY 2023, aggregate Personal Property Replacement Tax ("PPRT") revenue for all school districts increased by a record 76 percent. As things stand today, more record growth in PPRT revenue is projected for FY 2024. That revenue is a welcome addition to school district resources, however, if the projections for FY 2024 prove to be accurate, it will mean that collectively over the FY 2020 through FY 2024 sequence, the statewide Adequacy Gap under the Evidence Based Funding formula was reduced at a significantly faster rate because the local revenue increased at a faster rate over this time period compared to the increase in state-based revenue (new Tier funding).
CTBA’s most recent report highlights how the Personal Property Replacement Tax is a relatively odd revenue source that allocates revenue to school districts in accordance with their respective collections of Personal Property Tax revenue in either 1976 or 1977 and how this revenue source has big impacts on Illinois education policy.
Educating Illinois: A Look at the Evidence-Based Funding Formula
Release: March 8, 2023
After six years of implementation, five of which included new year-over-year funding, Illinois’ school funding formula – the Evidence Based Funding for Student Success Act, or EBF – has worked towards its promise of closing Illinois’ drastic funding and achievement gaps between schools in property-rich and property-poor districts, as well as between schools in predominantly white communities and schools that serve predominantly students of color. The EBF accomplishes this by distributing new K-12 funding to those districts that are furthest away from having the resources to fund their respective “Adequacy Targets” – which is the amount the research indicates is required to provide the level of education the students they serve need to succeed academically.
The EBF replaced an old formula that was based on a one-size-fits-all “Foundation Level” of per-pupil funding that was both inadequate in amount and inequitable in distribution. Indeed, the state’s historic investment in K-12 has been so inadequate that local property tax revenue became the primary method of funding education. But after six years of the EBF, the formula has proven that it is working as intended to counter historic inequities by investing more at the state level each year, closing Adequacy Funding Gaps for students in every region of the state and of every race and ethnicity.
Fully Funding the Evidence-Based Formula: Volume VI
Release: October 1, 2022
Volume VI of the Fully Funding the EBF series continues CTBA’s modeling of fully funding the EBF to 90% of Adequacy, which aligns more closely with the Illinois State Board of Education’s methodology. Volume VI uses the Enacted Fiscal Year 2023 General Fund Budget appropriations for the Evidence-Based Funding formula found in Volume V, but applies the ISBE EBF calculated shortfall for FY 2023 (released in August 2022), rather than a projected shortfall as provided in Volume V. The new release maintains the four scenarios found in the Fully Funding the EBF series Volume V.
Fully Funding the Evidence-Based Formula: Volume V
Release: June 20, 2022
Volume V of the Fully Funding the EBF series keeps adjustments to CTBA’s model to align more closely with the Illinois State Board of Education’s methodology and reporting but based on the Enacted Fiscal Year 2023 General Fund Budget appropriations for the Evidence-Based Funding formula. This change is made to the overall Adequacy Gap funding level (changes from 100% to 90% to accommodate for Federal funding). This change in methodology is applied in the same manner as it was for the four scenarios found in the Fully Funding the EBF series Volume V.